Early-life obesity impacts children’s learning and memory

A new study found that children on the threshold of obesity or overweight in the first two years of life had lower perceptual reasoning and working memory scores than lean children when tested at ages five and eight. The study also indicated that IQ scores may be lower for higher-weight children.

Source: Early-life obesity impacts children’s learning and memory, study suggests: The study found a link between children’s weight status in the first two years of life and their school-age performance on cognitive tests — ScienceDaily

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Which targeted nutritional approaches can bolster micro-preemies’ brain development?

The volume of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and calories consumed by very vulnerable preemies significantly contributes to increased brain volume and white matter development, however additional research is needed to determine specific nutritional approaches that best support these infants’ developing brains.

Source: Which targeted nutritional approaches can bolster micro-preemies’ brain development? Brain development in very low birthweight preemies lags behind peers born full term — ScienceDaily

Vitamin D improves weight gain and brain development in malnourished children

High dose vitamin D supplements improve weight gain and the development of language and motor skills in malnourished children, according to a new study.

Source: Vitamin D improves weight gain and brain development in malnourished children — ScienceDaily

Children are as fit as endurance athletes

Researchers discover how young children seem to run around all day without getting tired: their muscles resist fatigue and recover in the same way as elite endurance athletes. The study, which compared energy output and post-exercise recovery rates of young boys, untrained adults and endurance athletes, can be used to develop athletic potential in children and improve our knowledge of how disease risk, such as diabetes, increases as our bodies change from childhood to adulthood.

Source: Children are as fit as endurance athletes — ScienceDaily

Factors promoting physical activity in childhood

Researchers show that the more accurately children assess their motor competences, the more positive is the effect on their physical activity.

Source: Factors promoting physical activity in childhood: Connection between the accuracy of children’s self-assessment of their motor competence and their physical health — ScienceDaily

School lunch decisions made by the child and not the parent

While school lunches in the UK are subject to food standards, the contents of packed lunches are not as closely scrutinized, and studies have raised concern regarding the nutritional quality of packed lunches. A new study published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior found that children, not their parents, are often the primary decision maker of whether they will eat a school lunch or what is packed for their lunch.

Source: School lunch decisions made by the child and not the parent | EurekAlert! Science News

Pregnant moms and their offspring should limit added sugars in their diets to protect childhood cognition

A new study has determined that poorer childhood cognition occurred, particularly in memory and learning, when pregnant women or their offspring consumed greater quantities of sugar. Substituting diet soda for sugar-sweetened versions during pregnancy also appeared to have negative effects. However, children’s fruit consumption had beneficial effects and was associated with higher cognitive scores.

Source: Pregnant moms and their offspring should limit added sugars in their diets to protect childhood cognition — ScienceDaily