Early-life obesity impacts children’s learning and memory

A new study found that children on the threshold of obesity or overweight in the first two years of life had lower perceptual reasoning and working memory scores than lean children when tested at ages five and eight. The study also indicated that IQ scores may be lower for higher-weight children.

Source: Early-life obesity impacts children’s learning and memory, study suggests: The study found a link between children’s weight status in the first two years of life and their school-age performance on cognitive tests — ScienceDaily

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Study uncovers cause of pesticide exposure, Parkinson’s link

Previous studies have found an association between two commonly used agrochemicals (paraquat and maneb) and Parkinson’s disease. Now a professor has determined that low-level exposure to the pesticides disrupts cells in a way that mimics the effects of mutations known to cause Parkinson’s disease. Adding the effects of the chemicals to a predisposition for Parkinson’s disease drastically increases the risk of disease onset.

Source: Study uncovers cause of pesticide exposure, Parkinson’s link: Low-level exposure to the pesticides disrupts cells in a way that mimics the effects of mutations known to cause Parkinson’s disease — ScienceDaily

Which targeted nutritional approaches can bolster micro-preemies’ brain development?

The volume of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and calories consumed by very vulnerable preemies significantly contributes to increased brain volume and white matter development, however additional research is needed to determine specific nutritional approaches that best support these infants’ developing brains.

Source: Which targeted nutritional approaches can bolster micro-preemies’ brain development? Brain development in very low birthweight preemies lags behind peers born full term — ScienceDaily

Gut check: Metabolites shed by intestinal microbiota keep inflammation at bay

Researchers have elucidated a mechanism by which ‘good’ bacteria that reside in our gastrointestinal tract can help protect us from inflammation, and how their disruption (dysbiosis) can increase the susceptibility of the liver to more harmful forms of disease. Their study identified two key metabolites produced by the bacteria in mice that modulate inflammation in the host and could ultimately reduce the severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Source: Gut check: Metabolites shed by intestinal microbiota keep inflammation at bay: Researchers find inflammatory response in fatty liver disease is reduced by two tryptophan metabolites from gut bacteria — ScienceDaily

Very-low-carb diet shows promise in type 1 diabetes

Very-low-carbohydrate diets can improve blood sugar control in type 1 diabetes, with low rates of hypoglycemia and other complications, according to an online patient survey. The researchers now call for controlled clinical trials of this approach.

Source: Very-low-carb diet shows promise in type 1 diabetes: Survey finds exceptional blood-sugar control with few complications; researchers call for clinical trials — ScienceDaily

Conjugated Linoleic Acid: How CLA Burns Fat and Boosts Your Immune System

If you’ve been following the Bulletproof Diet, or looking for a way to burn more fat on a healthy, whole food diet, you may have come across CLA, or conjugated linoleic acid. It’s one of the magic ingredients that make grass-fed butter and meat so incredible for boosting your physical performance. As one of the […]

Source: Conjugated Linoleic Acid: How CLA Burns Fat and Boosts Your Immune System

Infant growth patterns affected by type of protein consumed

A new study has determined that protein intake from solid foods has a significant impact on infant growth during the first year of life. The study tested whether dairy-based or meat-based protein in an infant’s diet contributed to growth and weight gain.

Source: Infant growth patterns affected by type of protein consumed — ScienceDaily