Previous studies have found an association between two commonly used agrochemicals (paraquat and maneb) and Parkinson’s disease. Now a professor has determined that low-level exposure to the pesticides disrupts cells in a way that mimics the effects of mutations known to cause Parkinson’s disease. Adding the effects of the chemicals to a predisposition for Parkinson’s disease drastically increases the risk of disease onset.
Source: Study uncovers cause of pesticide exposure, Parkinson’s link: Low-level exposure to the pesticides disrupts cells in a way that mimics the effects of mutations known to cause Parkinson’s disease — ScienceDaily
Scientists have found a connection between bacteria in the gut and antitumor immune responses in the liver. Bacteria found in the gut of mice affect the liver’s antitumor immune function. The findings have implications for understanding the mechanisms that lead to liver cancer and for therapeutic approaches to treat them.
Source: Gut microbiome can control antitumor immune function in liver — ScienceDaily
Very-low-carbohydrate diets can improve blood sugar control in type 1 diabetes, with low rates of hypoglycemia and other complications, according to an online patient survey. The researchers now call for controlled clinical trials of this approach.
Source: Very-low-carb diet shows promise in type 1 diabetes: Survey finds exceptional blood-sugar control with few complications; researchers call for clinical trials — ScienceDaily
For years, doctors have associated the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations with an increased risk of breast cancer. But researchers have now identified another gene that may have an impact on breast cancer –associated with the body’s circadian rhythm.
Source: Breast cancer linked to the body’s internal clock — ScienceDaily
An investigational new drug offers hope of relief for celiac disease patients who are inadvertently exposed to gluten while on a gluten-free diet. Inadvertent exposure to gluten can be a frequent occurrence for celiac patients that triggers symptoms, such as pain in the gut and diarrhea, due to intestinal damage.
Source: Experimental drug eases effects of gluten for celiac patients on gluten-free diet: First proof-of-concept study shows AMG 714 (anti-IL-15 monoclonal antibody) potentially protects celiac patients from inadvertent gluten exposure — ScienceDaily
A new study identifies a pattern of inflammation associated with cardio-metabolic risks among participants in the Black Women’s Health Study, as well as two independent groups of vulnerable women. These findings could help under-served patients benefit from precision medicine and personalized profiles of disease risk.
Source: Insight into blood signatures of inflammation: Findings could lead to better clinical decision making for underserved patients — ScienceDaily