There are many different diets and ways of eating. A popular way of eating somewhat recently is the paleo diet. And related to the paleo diet is the whole 30 diet.
Short for paleolithic, and also called the “caveman” diet. The paleo diet, put simply, consists of only foods a caveman could have eaten. So think natural, unprocessed foods. Meat, fish, leafy greens, vegetables, nuts and seeds. Fruits are also permitted. The paleo diet is similar to a ketogenic diet, but without the emphasis on fat; a more balanced macronutrient profile.
Like the ketogenic diet, the paleo diet greatly improves many health markers. By eliminating gluten, lectins, sugar, dairy, and legumes, foods that cause inflammation are avoided. Calorie counting and tracking are not required, and eating to satiation is encouraged. More specifically, the paleo diet has been shown to improve:
- Glucose control
- Lipid profiles (in as little as 21 days)
- Diabetes markers (HbA1C, triglycerides, diastolic blood pressure, weight and BMI, and HDL)
- Fat mass
- Cardiovascular fitness
The whole 30 diet is similar, as far as foods permitted and restricted, to the paleo diet. They differ in that the paleo diet is intended as a way of eating, as in long-term. The whole 30 diet, was formulated as just that: a diet. Whole 30 is intended as a dramatic and at least at first, short-term, way of changing diet and breaking bad eating habits. The “30” in the name stands for, you guessed it, 30 days. Encouraging people to change their habits to be more mindful of food choices for at least 30 days and notice the difference. The whole 30 diet also encourages cooking, which is a great way to make sure you’re eating better quality meals. Like the paleo diet it’s based on, whole 30 boasts many health benefits including:
- Weight loss
- Improved markers for diabetes, thyroid, and other metabolic disorders
- Digestion and/or gut issues
- Energy levels